Atahualpa the Last Incan King

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Atahualpa the Last Incan King

Post by weasel666 on Fri 11 Nov 2016, 01:13

Atahualpa, also Atahuallpa, Atabalipa (in Hispanicized spellings) or Atawallpa (Aymara and Quechua)[2][3] (c.1502–26 July 1533) was the last Sapa Inca (sovereign emperor) of the Inca Empire (Tawantinsuyu) before the Spanish conquest. Atahualpa inherited the Kingdom of Quito from his father the Sapa Inca Huayna Capac in 1525. Before Huayna died, he made a verbal testament to the people in his empire that he intended to divide his empire into two parts. Atahualpa would become king in the Northern section of the Inca Empire and Atahualpa's older half brother Huáscar would receive the Southern section as Sapa Inca. Huayna died from an infectious disease (possibly smallpox after bathing). Atahualpa ruled as King over the Northern section named Quito peacefully for 7 years, until his brother Huáscar the Sapa Inca (13th) attempted to conquer the Kingdom of Quito by unsuccessfully annexing the Cañari region first. Atahualpa became Inca emperor after he defeated and imprisoned Huáscar and massacred any pretenders to the throne at the close of the civil war . Later, while imprisoned by the Spaniards, Atahualpa gave orders to kill Huáscar in Jauja, thinking Huáscar would use the Spaniards as allies to regain his throne. [4] During the Spanish conquest, the Spaniard Francisco Pizarro captured Atahualpa and used him to control the Inca Empire. Eventually, the Spanish executed Atahualpa, effectively ending the empire. Although a succession of several emperors who led the Inca resistance against the invading Spaniards claimed the title of Sapa Inca as rulers of the Neo-Inca State, the empire began to disintegrate after Atahualpa's death. wrote:

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